Agricultural Environment

Agricultural Environment

Location of Jeollabuk-do
Jeollabuk-do is on the southwest portion of the Korean peninsula. It is bordered on the southeast by Hadong-gun, Hamyang-gun and Geochang-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do, Gimcheon-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do, and the ridges of the Sobaek Mountains, including Banyabong Peak(1,732m), Ttokkibong Peak(1,534m), Myeongseonbong Peak(1,586m), Baegunsan Mountain(1,279m), Namdeokyusan Mountain(1,508m), and Muryongsan Mountain(1,492m) It is bordered on the south by Yeonggwang-gun, Jangseong-gun, Damyang-gun, Gokseong-gun and Gurye-gun, Jeollanam-do. Its northern border lies along a line from Geumsan-gun, Nonsan-si, Buyeo-gun and Seocheon-gun, Chungcheongnam-do to Yeongdong-gun, Chungcheongbuk-do. It is bordered to the west by the Yellow Sea.
Geographical Features of Jeollabuk-do
As for the geographical aspects, Jeollabuk-do has higher elevations in the east and lower elevations in the west, with an overall terraced shape. There are coastal areas including Gunsanbando, Jinbongbando, and Byeonsanbando in the west and mountains and basins in the east, including the Sobeak Mountains, the Noryeong Mountains and the Jinana Basin. The ratio of geographical elevation is, 51% of total area is the flatland below 100m, 33% is mountainous lands from 100 to 500m in elevation and 13% is at the height of 500 to 1,000m. The highlands over 1,000-m account for 3%. Jeollabuk-do has a relatively large flat area. The quasi-plains, about 100m high, extensively spread across Iksan-si, Gimje-si and Jeongeup-si, the hub of the Honam Plains, and this area is the main producing district of rice, and therefore is the symbol of Korean agriculture. Jeollabuk-do is about 175.5km long from east to west (including islands) and 95km from south to north. It has a roughly rectangular shape with east-west aspects being larger than south-north aspect.
Climates of Jeollabuk-do
he western region of Jeollabuk-do has the southern coast climate and the mountain region in the east has the southern inland climate. The plains on the west have a smaller annual temperature range than inland regions, due to the significant influence from the Yellow Sea. It also has less precipitation than the mountainous regions. The inland region has a bigger annual temperature range and more precipitation than the west coast region. / The climate between the southern and northern regions is more significant than that between eastern and western regions, due to the substantial influence of geographical features, as the eastern region is a high mountainous region and the western region is low flatlands. / The annual average temperature of Jeollabuk-do in 2016 was 14.3°C, which has been continuously increasing (13.2°C in 2011). Using data from Jeonju, the central district, it was the coldest in January, with the average temperature of -0.2℃ (record low temperature of -13°C). The hottest month was August, with the average temperature of 27.4℃ (record high temperature of 36.2°C).